Surgeons are physicians who treat diseases and injuries by performing surgery. Some surgeries are invasive, and others are minimally-invasive or non-invasive. They examine patients to get information on medical history and surgical risk. They operate on patients to repair injuries, prevent and treat diseases or restore patient’s abilities.
Candidates must complete approximately eight years of education, including a 4-year Doctor of Medicine program. After earning a medical degree, aspiring physicians must continue their clinical education with a residency training program. Surgical programs prepare students for careers as general surgeons or as surgeons in specialized fields.