Pediatricians diagnose, treat and help prevent children’s diseases and injuries. When children become sick, you diagnose the child and may recommend a treatment plan. Many pediatricians first visit a newborn after he or she is born.
After earning an undergraduate degree, an additional 7-12 years of education are needed to become a licensed pediatrician, which includes medical school and a residency. Medical students interested in pediatrics may choose a track tailored to the health and wellness of children and apply for residencies in children’s hospitals or pediatric departments. After completing medical school and residency requirements, pediatricians are required to pass a medical board examination and obtain a license to practice medicine.